Tuesday, October 4, 2022

How To Setup Azure VPN

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Installing The Windows Azure VPN Client

Azure Site-to-Site VPN quick setup

Note: Your Relativity VPN connection is typically created during the onboarding process for RelativityOne. You will first receive an email from Relativity with a link to download a password-protected zip file. The link is only good for 24 hours. You will also receive a second email with the password that is needed to perform the extraction of files from the password-protected zip file you download. If you have questions, please contact your designated Customer Success Manager.

  • Extract the contents of the zip file. You will be prompted to enter the zip file password that is sent in the second email you received.
  • There are two files that will be extracted:

    • Credentials.txt – contains username, password, and IP address for connecting with the VPN client
    • -VPN Client.exe – installs the VPN connection to your machine.
  • Navigate to the extracted files, and then click on -VPN-Client.EXE.
  • Click Run.
  • Note: A Windows warning pop-up may display after entering the password. Click the More Info link and click Run Anyway. When prompted whether to run the application, select Yes.

    The VPN client is now successfully installed on your machine.

    Sample Configuration Values For This Exercise

    The examples in this article use the following values. You can use these values to create a test environment, or refer to them to better understand the examples in this article. Typically, when working with IP address values for Address space, you want to coordinate with your network administrator in order to avoid overlapping address spaces, which can affect routing. In this case, replace the IP address values with your own if you want to create a working connection.

    • Resource Group: TestRG1
    • Client address space: The address space that is located on your on-premises site.

    Creating A Gateway Subnet

  • In your Azure Management Portal, navigate to the Virtual networks.
  • Select the name of the Virtual Network to which you’d like to create a gateway.
  • Under the Settings section of your VNet page, select Subnets.
  • 4. Select + Gateway subnet .

    5. If needed, adjust the auto-filled Address range values to match your configuration requirements.

    • Go to address space-> +Add
    • Select a random /27 bit mask subnet space

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    How Do I Setup A Point To Site VPN

  • A Resources Group must be established.
  • Create a virtual network and invite your friends into it.
  • Make sure you have an IP address assigned to your Gateway.
  • Create a virtual network gateway.
  • Your clients should be able to receive certificates based on a root and client.
  • Connect to the site by means of a point-to-point connection.
  • VPN Connection Analysis. Learn how to test your connection.
  • Configure The Network Route

    VPN Azure

    Back on the New BOVPN Virtual Interface screen, go to the VPN Routes tab and click Add.

    Here you need to tell the virtual interface what network address space is behind the gateway in Azure.

    Choose Network IPv4 from the drop down, then enter the IP address space of the Azure virtual network, which was setup previously. Click OK.

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    Creating The Ipsec Tunnel Connection

  • Open your virtual network gateway page.

  • On the sidebar, select All resources.

  • Select the Virtual network gateway you created. Once it opens, go to Settings, select Connections, and then +Add.

  • Fill in the fields with the following information:

    • Name Your connection name.
    • Connection type : Select Site-to-site .
    • Virtual network gateway: Since you are connecting from this gateway this value is fixed.
    • Local network gateway: The local network gateway which you have just created is the fixed value.
    • : the value here must match the value that you are using for your local on-premises VPN device.
    • The remaining values for Subscription, Resource Group, and Location are fixed as well.
    • Select OK to create your connection.

    Configure The Ubiquiti Edge Router

    • Create an SSH session to the Edge router and log in
    • Set the router in config mode by using the following command
    configure
    • Copy the downloaded sample configuration, starting from the line that begins with set vpn ipsec auto-firewall-nat-exclude enable sample configuration
    • In this example, we dont use dynamic routing protocols such as BGP, so we must create static routes in the Edge Router for all the subnets we want to connect to. In this example, we connect the 10.1.0.0/24 subnet in Azure from the on-premises network. This subnet contains the Domain Controllers. The routing goes through Virtual Tunnel Interface 0 defined in the Edge Router.
    set protocols static interface-route 10.1.0.0/24 next-hop-interface vti0
    • Commit and save the changes
    commit   save   exit
    • Check if the tunnel is up. This can take a while
    show vpn ipsec sa
    • The IPSEC tunnel must be ESTABLISHED

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    How To Create A Home Office VPN Server With Microsoft Azure

    Creating a do-it-yourself VPN that you manage and access on your own terms is not as difficult as you might think.

    According to a 2019 report from Amerisleep, some 43% of workers in the United States work from home or other remote location at some point during the course of a year. Telecommuting, working from the road, and the overall gig economy are all trappings of the modern collaborative, mobile, and always connected enterprise workforce.

    Tying Up A Few Loose Ends

    How to configure an Azure point to site VPN

    Now your VPN server is configured! But, just a few more steps before you can actually connect to it and start using the VPN service.

    Microsoft Azure automatically uses an internal IP address for your VPN Access Server, so you need to login to OpenVPN Access Servers Web Admin UI, and manually change hostname. Go to:

    https://your_vm_public_ip_address/admin

    And use the admin account and password you picked in the previous step to login. Now go to Network Settings to specify a Hostname. If you have a domain name that points to your VM, enter that domain name. Otherwise, enter the public IP address.

    Now, back to your SSH session into the VM, change the machines timezone to your desired timezone.

    sudo dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

    Use arrow keys to pick your desired timezone.

    Then you need to enable IP forwarding in your VM configuration. But note that this is not done in the VM itself, but rather, in the Network Interface instance that Azure created for you. You should find it in the same resource group as your VM.

    Before exiting the Network Interfaces configuration window, go to Overview and notice the Private IP.

    Now, as the last step, you need to create a new Azure resource, a Route Table, and put it into the same resource group. In the Route Table, add 2 routes.

    Address Prefix: 172.27.224.0/20Next hop type: Virtual applianceNext hop address: The_Private_IP_address_of_the_Network_Interface

    Thats it you now have a running VPN server you can connect to!

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    Retrieve Your Cloud Radius Ip Port And Shared Secret

    Retrieving your RADIUS information from SecureW2 is simple. Follow these steps to move forward with setting up your VPN:

  • Log on to your SecureW2 management portal.
  • On the left navigation bar find AAA Management.
  • Now you should have access to your RADIUS Primary and Secondary IP, Port number, and shared secret.

    What Are The Steps For Wvd VPN Setup

    There are broadly five phases of using Azure WVD with a VPN.

    Setting Up Azure WVD Tenant

    You will first have to set up your WVD tenant before configuring the network and connecting your deployment with a VPN. Here is a summary of the steps if you have not already done so.

    • Log in with the global user account into the Azure subscription.
    • Choose between Server App and Consent App depending upon the consent option you need to use.
    • Enter the GUID credentials that you can find on the Azure portal.
    • Proceed with the permissions for WVD.
    • Grant permission to an existing account to create WVD tenants.
    • On the Azure Portal, look for Windows Virtual Desktop in enterprise applications.
    • Add users and permit them to create WVD tenants.
    • Configure the appropriate PowerShell modules and set up the WVD tenant.
    • As a part of the process of setting up the WVD tenant, you will define the RDS owner, create Azure desktop host pools, followed by app pools for desktop and remote applications.

    Configuring Your Server on Azure

    Once you have created the Windows Virtual Desktops, you will have to domain-join them. This is a Virtual Machine that acts as an Azure server.

    Securing the Server With VPN

    This virtual machine is now the server. It has to be secured with a Point-to-Site VPN gateway.

    Configuring Server as Domain Controller

    If you have successfully connected, you know that the virtual server you created can be connected securely. It can now be made into a Domain Controller.

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    Add A Bovpn Interface

    Navigate to VPN> BOVPNVirtualInterfaces and click Add.

    Next, we have some information to fill in, specify:

    • Interface Name: Any name will do, mine is BovpnVif.Azure
    • Remote Endpoint Type: choose from the drop-down Cloud VPN or Third-Party Gateway
    • Use Pre-Shared Key: You would have specified this in the Azure portal on the Connection object. To find it again, All resources > click your Connection > Shared key under Settings.

    Now under Gateway Endpoint, click Add, which will bring you to the next step.

    Create Ikev2 And Ipsec Policy For The Connection

    Connect Azure App Service to virtual network

    Now that the VPN gateway, local gateway and connection are created, you will need to create IKE2 and IPsec policy and associate it with the connection. Here is a sample powershell script for creating policy and associating it with the connection.

    #Install azurerm moduleInstall-module azurerm#Import azurerm moduleimport-module azurerm#Connect azure resource managerConnect-AzureRmAccount#Resource group and connection name$resourceGroup   = "tayam-lab"  ##Change the name to your resourceGroup##$connectionName  = "labVnet_to_Onprem"  ##Change the name to your connection##$connection      = get-azurermvirtualnetworkgatewayconnection -name $connectionName -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroup###IKEv2 and IPsec policy parameters. Change here based on your requirement###$ikeEncryption   = "AES256"$ikeIntegrity    = "SHA256"$dhgroup         = "DHGroup24"$ipsecEncryption = "AES256"$ipsecIntegrity  = "SHA256"$pfsgroup        = "PFS24"$saLifetime      =  3600################################################################Create new IKEv2 and IPsec policy based on the above parameters$newpolicy1 = New-AzureRmIpsecPolicy -IkeEncryption $ikeEncryption -IkeIntegrity $ikeIntegrity -dhgroup $dhgroup -IpsecEncryption $ipsecEncryption -IpsecIntegrity $ipsecIntegrity -Pfsgroup $pfsgroup -SALifeTimeSeconds $saLifetime#Associate IKEv2 and IPsec policy to existing connectionset-azurermvirtualnetworkgatewayconnection -VirtualNetworkGatewayConnection $connection -IpsecPolicies $newpolicy1 

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    Configuring The Azure VPN Gateway

    First, we begin in Azure by configuring the VPN Gateway. Microsoft has a good article that describes the process that can be found here. I use PowerShell to configure the VPN gateway configuration.

    • Fill in the variables with the correct values of your environment
    # Variables$rg_vpn = "VPN-RG"$vnetname = "VPN-VNET"$location = "WestEurope"$addressspacehub = "10.2.0.0/16"$subnetname = "Frontend"$subnet = "10.2.0.0/24"$gatewaysubnet = "10.2.255.0/27"$public_ip_onprem = "31.151.12.226"$allowd_onprem_networks1 = "192.168.249.0/24"$allowd_onprem_networks2 = "192.168.13.0/24"$gatewayname = "VPN-GW"$vpntype = "RouteBased"# https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/vpn-gateway/vpn-gateway-about-vpn-gateway-settings#gwsku$sku = "basic"$gatewayType = "VPN"$connectionname = "VPN-VNetToOnPrem"$vpnpip_azure = "VPN-AZURE-PIP"$vpnconnection = "VPN-IPSEC-S2S"$sharedkey = "!ThisisASecret!"
    Connect-AzAccount
    • Create the Azure VPN gateway
    • When all the parts are created you see the following resources in the resource group.
    • Select download configuration and the configuration will be downloaded as text file.

    How Do You Advertise Local Subnet For Site

  • Choosing *> Site-to-site VPN from Security & SD-WAN will enable this.
  • Enable VPN Subnet Translation by setting it to Enable
  • For local subnets , connect to VPNs after VPN entry is set up with translation.
  • Make sure the IP address of the Subnet is the same size as the Local subnet, or a Subnet as you specify.
  • To save changes, select Save them.
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    To Connect From A Mac VPN Client

    From the Network dialog box, locate the client profile that you want to use, specify the settings from the VPNSettings.xml, and then select Connect. For detailed instructions, see Generate and install VPN client configuration files – macOS.

    If you are having trouble connecting, verify that the virtual network gateway is not using a Basic SKU. The Basic SKU is not supported for Mac clients.

    Ike Phase 1 Parameters

    Tutorial 2 – Azure Site to Site VPN setup
    Property
    SHA1 14
    • You can specify IPsec ESP NULL encryption with RouteBased and HighPerformance VPN gateways. Null based encryption does not provide protection to data in transit, and should only be used when maximum throughput and minimum latency is required. Clients may choose to use this in VNet-to-VNet communication scenarios, or when encryption is being applied elsewhere in the solution.
    • For cross-premises connectivity through the Internet, use the default Azure VPN gateway settings with encryption and hashing algorithms listed in the tables above to ensure security of your critical communication.

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    Purchasing An Ssl Certificate From Azure Marketplace

    Azure partners with GoDaddy to provide SSL certificates. Although branded as Azure App Service SSL Certificate, SSL certificates purchased through Azure Marketplace can be used by non-App Service Azure services, or non-Azure services.

    To get started, create a new SSL certificate in Azure Marketplace.

    The subsequent configuration should be straightforward.

    After a few minutes, your SSL certificate will be deployed, and there are 3 more steps to go.

    To Add Another Connection

    You can connect to multiple on-premises sites from the same VPN gateway. If you want to configure multiple connections, the address spaces canââ¬â¢t overlap between any of the connections.

  • To add an additional connection, navigate to the VPN gateway, then select Connections to open the Connections page.
  • Select +Add to add your connection. Adjust the connection type to reflect either VNet-to-VNet , or Site-to-site.
  • If you’re connecting using Site-to-site and you haven’t already created a local network gateway for the site you want to connect to, you can create a new one.
  • Specify the shared key that you want to use, then select OK to create the connection.
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    Create The VPN Gateway

    In this step, you create the virtual network gateway for your VNet. Creating a gateway can often take 45 minutes or more, depending on the selected gateway SKU.

    Note

    The Basic gateway SKU does not support IKEv2 or RADIUS authentication. If you plan on having Mac clients connect to your virtual network, do not use the Basic SKU.

    The virtual network gateway uses specific subnet called the gateway subnet. The gateway subnet is part of the virtual network IP address range that you specify when configuring your virtual network. It contains the IP addresses that the virtual network gateway resources and services use.

    When you create the gateway subnet, you specify the number of IP addresses that the subnet contains. The number of IP addresses needed depends on the VPN gateway configuration that you want to create. Some configurations require more IP addresses than others. We recommend that you create a gateway subnet that uses a /27 or /28.

  • In Search resources, services, and docs type virtual network gateway. Locate Virtual network gateway in the Marketplace search results and select it to open the Create virtual network gateway page.

  • On the Basics tab, fill in the values for Project details and Instance details.

  • Subscription: Select the subscription you want to use from the dropdown.
  • Resource Group: This setting is autofilled when you select your virtual network on this page.
  • Gateway type: Select VPN. VPN gateways use the virtual network gateway type VPN.
  • Important

    Add The VPN Client Address Pool

    site

    The client address pool is a range of private IP addresses that you specify. The clients that connect over a Point-to-Site VPN dynamically receive an IP address from this range. Use a private IP address range that does not overlap with the on-premises location that you connect from, or the VNet that you want to connect to. If you configure multiple protocols and SSTP is one of the protocols, then the configured address pool is split between the configured protocols equally.

  • Once the virtual network gateway has been created, navigate to the Settings section of the virtual network gateway page. In Settings, select Point-to-site configuration. Select Configure now to open the configuration page.

  • On the Point-to-site configuration page, in the Address pool box, add the private IP address range that you want to use. VPN clients dynamically receive an IP address from the range that you specify. The minimum subnet mask is 29 bit for active/passive and 28 bit for active/active configuration.

  • Continue to the next section to configure authentication and tunnel types.

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    Upload Root Certificate Public Key Information

    In this section, you upload public root certificate data to Azure. Once the public certificate data is uploaded, Azure can use it to authenticate clients that have installed a client certificate generated from the trusted root certificate.

  • Navigate to your Virtual network gateway -> Point-to-site configuration page in the Root certificate section. This section is only visible if you have selected Azure certificate for the authentication type.

  • Make sure that you exported the root certificate as a Base-64 encoded X.509 file in the previous steps. You need to export the certificate in this format so you can open the certificate with text editor. You don’t need to export the private key.

  • Open the certificate with a text editor, such as Notepad. When copying the certificate data, make sure that you copy the text as one continuous line without carriage returns or line feeds. You may need to modify your view in the text editor to ‘Show Symbol/Show all characters’ to see the carriage returns and line feeds. Copy only the following section as one continuous line:

  • In the Root certificate section, you can add up to 20 trusted root certificates.

  • Paste the certificate data into the Public certificate data field.
  • Name the certificate.
  • Select Save at the top of the page to save all of the configuration settings.

  • Verify The VPN Connection

    In the Azure portal, you can view the connection status of a VPN gateway by navigating to the connection. The following steps show one way to navigate to your connection and verify.

  • In the Azure portal menu, select All resources or search for and select All resources from any page.

  • Select to your virtual network gateway.

  • On the blade for your virtual network gateway, click Connections. You can see the status of each connection.

  • Click the name of the connection that you want to verify to open Essentials. In Essentials, you can view more information about your connection. The Status is ‘Succeeded’ and ‘Connected’ when you have made a successful connection.

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