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What Is The Best VPN Protocol To Use

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Whats The Best Openvpn

Best VPN Protocols ð¥ What VPN Protocol Should I Use?

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Openvpn Recommended Most Popular

OpenVPN is the VPN protocol youll want to be using. Its the most recommended choice by leading VPN providers today. Kind of a no-brainer. Its one of the newer VPN protocols, but its flexibility and security have made it one of the most commonly used.

The following VPNs use OpenVPN as a default protocol:

It relies upon open source technologies like the OpenSSL encryption library and SSL V3/TLS V1 protocols. The open source nature of OpenVPN means the technology is maintained, updated, and inspected by a community of supporters.

When traffic passes through an OpenVPN connection its hard to differentiate between an HTTPS over SSL connection. The ability to hide in plain sight makes it less vulnerable to hacking, and more difficult to block.

Plus, it can run on any port, using both UDP and TCP protocols, so getting around firewalls wont be a problem. However, if youre looking for speed, then using the UDP port will be the most efficient.

In terms of security, it has a variety of methods and protocols like OpenSLL and HMAC authentication and shared keys. To take the security standards even further its commonly coupled with AES encryption. Other VPN protocols have been subject to NSA and other hacking, but so far, OpenVPN has managed to stay in the clear.

The additional cryptic algorithms it supports are:

  • 3DES
  • Blowfish
  • CAST-128

Still, OpenVPN isnt perfect:

The Pros of OpenVPN:

  • It supports a variety of cryptic algorithms

The Cons of OpenVPN:

VPN Protocols: What Are They And Which Should I Use

Getting technical with your VPN could help you stay safer online – the choice is yours

ByLuke EdwardsLast updated 2021-04-13T16:05:20.202Z

The best VPN, or virtual private network, is a wonder of security that works to keep you more secure, anonymous and unblocked when online using protocols. That means you can have your identity hidden, internet activity masked and even appear to be somewhere you’re not.

The way a VPN works is to assign you a new IP address which makes it look like you’re somewhere else. This is done by routing your data through one of the VPN service’s servers located in a different location. All that data is encrypted, keeping it secure in transit. But how the process works and which is best depends on protocols. There are lots of these and they can get quite complicated so we’re sticking to the five most common to explain what they mean to you.

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How A Network Port Works

To avoid confusion between simultaneously running network applications on the same computer, the system uses the ports that distribute incoming and outgoing traffic. To do this, a network application needs to know:

  • the protocol a set of rules for data exchange in a network for example, TCP, UDP
  • the IP address of the senders device and IP address of the recipients device
  • the port of the senders device and the port of the recipients device.

Many popular protocols have standard port values assigned to them. The IANA organization regulates and approves standards of actions with ports. This distribution significantly reduces the time for data exchange.

A set of IP addresses and network port numbers is called a socket. The socket is often called a transport layer address and looks like, where is an IP address with the port number 2039.

Rarely Used VPN Protocols

How to Use a VPN: 6 Tips from Industry Experts

These are VPN protocols only used by a few VPN providers.


SoftEther is also an open-source VPN protocol known for its excellent security and fast speeds. It started as part of a Masters thesis at the University of Tsukuba.

Although it has not gained industry-wide traction, it has already show-cased excellent results on VPN providers that have adopted it.

SoftEther relies on OpenSSL for encryption and authentication. This gives it access to some of the powerful ciphers, including the AES-256 and RSA-4096.

Also, SoftEther tunnels traffic through the TCP port 443 like OpenVPN. This port guarantees that SoftEther traffic wont be blocked easily as it is the port for HTTPS traffic.

This protocol boasts one of the best connection speeds. It has a built-in Network address translation traversal and an embedded dynamic DNS.

It also supports data compression, and priority is given to VoIP due to the quality of service.

Only two commercial VPNs offer SoftEther protocol Hide.me and CactusVPN. Unlike other protocols, it is not natively supported by computing platforms.


Read Also: How To Change Country On Netflix Without VPN

When & Why Should You Use Wireguard

If you dont have the fastest Web connection, youll want to use WireGuard because it brings incredibly fast speeds while still managing to keep you safe and sound online. However, know that WireGuard cant unblock every single website, and its still brand-new, so we dont recommend it for protecting highly sensitive data. If you do want to use it, here are the best VPNs that support WireGuard.

What If VPN Is Blocked Or VPN Protocols Banned

Please make sure you are using one of the public DNS servers below on your computer/router in order to bypass DNS restrictions on your country.

We provide OpenVPN / SSL VPN protocol on TCP/UDP ports 1194, IKEv2 on UDP port , SSTP on TCP port , Softether on TCP/UDP port , PPTP on TCP port , L2TP on UDP port , L2TP/IPsec UDP ports on If you cannot connect with PPTP or L2TP protocol you can try to connect with OpenVPN with different TCP and UDP ports.

We also provide SSTP VPN protocol which uses standard SSL ports so most likely if you can browse https web sites SSTP should work for you. Please be advised that SSTP protocol is supported only on clients with windows operating system Vista SP1, 7, 8, 2008 and newer. Unfortunately Mac OS, IOS and Android do not support Microsofts SSTP protocol yet.

Also Check: How To Setup VPN On Samsung TV

Which Is The Best VPN Protocol Pptp Vs Openvpn Vs L2tp/ipsec Vs Sstp

Chris Hoffman is Editor-in-Chief of How-To Geek. He’s written about technology for over a decade and was a PCWorld columnist for two years. Chris has written for The New York Times, been interviewed as a technology expert on TV stations like Miami’s NBC 6, and had his work covered by news outlets like the BBC. Since 2011, Chris has written over 2,000 articles that have been read nearly one billion times—and that’s just here at How-To Geek. Read more…

Want to use a VPN? If youre looking for a VPN provider or setting up your own VPN, youll need to choose a protocol. Some VPN providers may even provider you with a choice of protocols.

This isnt the final word on any of these VPN standards or encryption schemes. Weve tried to boil everything down so you can grasp the standards, how theyre related to each other and which you should use.

VPN Protocols: Are You Using The Right One

VPN Protocols: which one is the best? I Surfshark VPN

The internet can be a scary place.

Because of this, we often turn toward a Virtual Private Network, otherwise known as a , to provide a safe, secure, and fast connection to all of what the world wide web brings to our fingertips.

When choosing a VPN provider, we often make note of which VPN protocols they have to offer, which can set one VPN apart from the other. But what exactly is a VPN protocol?

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What Is A VPN Protocol

Virtual Private Networks and VPN protocols are not the same thing. NordVPN, for example, is a VPN service that lets users choose from a number of different VPN protocols depending on their needs and the device theyre using.

A VPN transmits your online traffic through encrypted tunnels to VPN servers that assign your device a new IP address. VPN protocols are sets of programs and processes that determine how that tunnel is actually formed. Each one is a different solution to the problem of secure, private, and somewhat anonymous internet communication.

No VPN protocol is perfect. Each may have potential vulnerabilities, documented or yet to be discovered, that may or may not compromise your security. Lets delve into each protocols pros and cons.

Best VPN Protocol For P2p File Sharing

When it comes downloading, use a protocol that offers good security and speed. While PPTP is the fastest protocol, it lacks security as it uses 128-bit encryption. Both L2TP and IKEv2 use 256-bit encryption through IPSec. However, L2TP lags behind when it comes to speeds while IKEv2 is not supported on old platforms. Though not as fast as PPTP or IKEv2, OpenVPN still provides speeds and top-notch security. The 256-bit encryption makes it the best VPN protocol for P2P file sharing. Winner: OpenVPN

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Free VPNs Vs Paid VPNs

There are both free and paid VPN services available. However, free VPNs are usually not safe and they come with many security liabilities.

Heres what differentiates the two types of VPNs:

Paid VPNs come with unmetered bandwidth & fast connection speeds. Free VPN providers usually throttle your connection speed in order to upsell you.
Anonymity Paid VPNs dont log your data, ensuring that your activity is nearly indecipherable Free VPNs log your activity data and sell it to third-party advertisers to target you with ads.
Price The best paid VPNs cost around $6.49 to $10 per month. While free VPNs dont cost money, they put your personal information and device data at risk.

We Explain What A VPN Protocol Is And What It Does We Also Compare The Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Most Common Protocols Including Openvpn Wireguard Ikev2 Pptp And L2tp

5 Best VPN Protocols

Before you trust a VPN to protect your Internet activity, you need to make sure theyve put in place the necessary safeguards. Evaluating the more technical aspects of a VPN can be difficult, especially for the average user. It often means users are struggling to understand an alphabet soup of different acronyms.

We have begun a series of posts where we explain some of our security measures so that people can make more informed decisions. Our first post explained what HMAC SHA-384 means. This post will investigate VPN protocols, what they do, how they work, and what it means if a VPN service uses OpenVPN over L2TP, for example. This post delves into some of the inner workings of VPNs. While we try to explain terms clearly, this post will be more useful if you come in with some basic technical knowledge. If you dont already know how a VPN works, click here.

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Let’s Summarize The VPN Protocols

We’ve looked at the five major VPN protocols. Let’s quickly summarize their pros and cons.

  • OpenVPN: Open source, offers the strongest encryption, suitable for all activities if a little slow at times
  • L2TP/IPSec: Widely used protocol, good speeds, but easily blocked due to reliance on a single port
  • SSTP: Good security, difficult to block and detect
  • IKEv2: Fast, mobile-friendly, with several open-source implementations
  • PPTP: Fast, widely supported, but full of security holes, only use for streaming and basic web browsing
  • Wireguard: Fast, open-source, with growing support among VPN providers

For complete security and peace of mind, choose a VPN provider that offers you a choice of protocol. Furthermore, MakeUseOf advises using a paid VPN solution, like ExpressVPN, rather than a free service. When you pay for a VPN, you’re buying a service. When you use a free VPN, you’ve got no idea what they might do with your data.

Unsure where to start? Check out our list of the best VPN services. And here’s what you should look for in a VPN provider. Furthermore, we must warn you that while they’re mostly a safe solution, VPNs can be hacked. Learn what that means for your privacy.

Personal VPNs Vs Business VPNs

VPNs are used both by individuals and organizations for different use-cases.

People use a VPN to:

  • Hide their IP address and stay anonymous on the internet.
  • Access censored content while traveling abroad.
  • Businesses typically use a VPN to:

  • Provide remote employees with a direct connection to their work network to access company files and resources
  • If the company is fully-remote , they give their employees access to a commercial VPN so they can work from public Wi-Fi securely.
  • Also Check: Can I Create My Own VPN

    Pptp Outdated And Not Secure

    PPTP stands for Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol and is one of the oldest VPN protocols still in use today. It runs on TCP port 1723 and was initially developed by Microsoft.

    PPTP is now essentially obsolete due to serious security vulnerabilities. We wont spend too much time discussing PPTP because most people are not even using it anymore.

    PPTP is supported natively on all versions of Windows and most operating systems. While it is relatively fast, PPTP is not as reliable and does not recover as quickly from a dropped connections as OpenVPN.

    Overall, PPTP should not be used in any situation where security and privacy are important. If you are just using a VPN to unblock content, PPTP may not be a bad choice, but there are more secure options worth considering.

    Verdict: Not recommended

    So Which VPN Protocol Should I Use

    VPN Explained: Choosing a VPN Protocol | NordVPN

    Hard to say it all really depends on what you want to do on the Internet. Heres a quick list that showcases what each VPN protocol is best used for that might help you out when having to make such a decision:

    • PPTP is best used when you just want fast access to geo-blocked content. Ideally, you shouldnt use it when youre logged into other accounts that contain sensitive information .
    • L2TP/IPSec is basically an improved version of PPTP, so you can use it when you want to download torrents, access geo-blocked content, and browse the Internet safely, and dont mind a potential drop in connection speeds.
    • IKEv2 is a great option if you use your mobile device a lot since your VPN connection remains stable when switching from WiFi networks to your data plan. Its also ideal if youre looking to secure your online traffic and enjoy decent speeds.
    • SSTP is a good option if youre a Windows user, and you want to enjoy decent online security and speed without the protocol eating up too much of your CPU power.
    • OpenVPN should be your go-to option if you want a secure, stable online connection. If youre interested in better speeds, you can use OpenVPN over UDP.
    • SoftEther is an excellent OpenVPN alternative, and its the right choice if you dont mind a newer VPN protocol, and want to enjoy secure, stable, fast connections.
    • WireGuard is ideal if you want to protect your data with modern encryption ciphers while also enjoying really fast speeds on most platforms .

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    What Is The Most Stable VPN Protocol

    IKEv2 is an excellent choice when it comes to stability on mobile devices since it can actually resist network changes. Network admins can block it easily, though, since it only uses a few UDP ports.

    WireGuard performs very well too, but it only uses UDP ports, so it can be blocked. On the plus side, it uses a ton of ports, so its unlikely that a network admin would block all of them.

    OpenVPN , SoftEther, and SSTP handle stability excellently since they can use port 443 .

    Whats more, SoftEther does very well too given that it was made based on the idea that it will run 24/7 permanently once its started up. Its code was written in such a way as to prevent both memory leaks and various crashes. Even if something goes wrong, SoftEther is programmed to re-start automatically as fast as possible.

    Other stable VPN protocols include OpenVPN , SSTP, and L2TP/IPSec. PPTP is also pretty stable, but keep in mind it can be blocked by firewalls with ease sometimes.

    PPTP and L2TP/IPSec are pretty stable too, but its easy to block them you just have to block the ports they use or disable VPN Passthrough for those protocols to prevent the VPN app from communicating with the VPN server.

    Our Recommendation: IKEv2, SoftEther , or OpenVPN TCP

    Types Of VPNs: Secure Vs Trusted

    All of the VPNs we review at Comparitech are considered secure VPNs. This means the traffic sent and received through them is encrypted and authenticated. Being a secure VPN also means that both the server and client agree on the security properties, and no one outside the VPN can affect these properties. Secure VPNs use one of the protocols listed above.

    A trusted VPN is distinct from a secure VPN. Trusted VPNs may not use any encryption. Instead, users trust the VPN provider to make sure that no one else can use the same IP address and pathway. No one other than the provider can change data, inject data, or delete data on a path in the VPN.

    Trusted VPNs are far less common nowadays. They were typically used by corporations for staff to remotely access internal company resources, not to connect to the world wide web. But the threats to security became to great for most companies to risk using an non-encrypted connection.

    VPNs that combine the encryption properties of a secure VPN and the dedicated line properties of a trusted VPN are sometimes called hybrid VPNs. Hybrid VPNs are common today, particularly for corporations. But most commercial VPN providers that offer unrestricted access to the internet do not give customers a dedicated IP address, so they are not considered hybrids.

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